Since England left the European Union on 1 January 2020, the Ankara Agreement, which was signed with the European Union in 1963 and allowed Turks to carry out business by establishing a company in the UK, has expired as of 1 January 2021. From this date forward, Turks will no longer be able to apply for this visa type. However, as of 2022, new visa types have been determined and Turkish citizens have been offered other opportunities to invest and work in the UK. In this article, we will talk about visa types in general.
The first of the visa types that Turks can apply for;
In this type of visa, if you have a business in Turkey for at least 1 year, you can set up a branch in England and you can send an employee to England by appointing as your company representative. Of course, in order to apply for this visa type, a document proving an average level of English is required. The person who will go to the UK can be an employee of the company or a partner of the company who does not own more than 49% of the shares. This visa type also covers the family of the person who will go and provides the right to acquire British citizenship in case of working with this visa for 5 years. When applying for this visa, it is very important that the documents proving that the company operating in Turkey has sufficient financial strength should be submitted to the file.
It is still possible for Turks to set up a business in the UK with Start-up visa, which is a type of visa that can be deemed similar to the Ankara agreement. However, your business idea should bring something new to the UK market and should be an unusual idea. In addition, unlike the Ankara Agreement, you must have a document proving knowledge of English at the B2 level. No capital is required for this visa type but your business plans will be scrutinised by the competent authorities, and it will be determined whether innovative or not. This visa is issued for 2 years and cannot be extended after 2 years. If the applicant establishes a business in England with an innovative idea, becomes successful and wants to continue, Start-up Visa can be converted to Innovator visa. However, bear in mind that Innovator visa requires an investment of £50,000. Applicants who complete 2-year Start-up visa and then 3-year Innovator visa have the right to apply for British citizenship.
With this visa type, people who receive a job offer from a sponsorship licensed company in the UK will have the right to reside and work in the UK. In this visa, which used to be called a Tier-2 visa, the person who will go to the UK must know English on average (B1 level). This visa can be obtained for 5 years at a time, and you have a chance to change your employer during this period by making a notification. Your application is concluded within 3 weeks, either positive or negative. In this visa, you can also work in an additional job at another company, not exceeding 20 hours per week.
If you are over 18 and are a leader or potential leader in one of the fields of academia and research, arts and culture, and digital technology, you can apply for a Global Talent visa to work in the UK.
The Scale-up Visa, which is a slightly easier version of the Skilled Worker Visa and likely to be announced in the spring of 2022;
With this visa, employees from other professions who are not senior employees will also be able to obtain the right to work in the UK. The obligation for companies to obtain a sponsorship license will be removed, instead, conditions such as companies that have grown by 20% in the last 3 years or employed at least 10 workers will be required. In order to apply for this visa, it will be sufficient to receive job offers from companies that meet these criteria and the process will progress very quickly. In addition, the job you find in the UK and the job you are doing in Turkey must be compatible, you must have an average level of English and you must be guaranteed receiving a certain amount of salary payment by your employer.